Molecular Evolution of a Developmental Pathway: Phylogenetic Analyses of Transforming Growth Factor-beta Family Ligands, Receptors and Smad Signal Transducers

Genetics | 152:783–795

S. Newfeld, R. Wisotzkey, S. Kumar

Divergence Time Estimates for the Early History of Animal Phyla and the Origin of Plants, Animals and Fungi

Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences | 266:163–171

D. Wang, S. Kumar, S.B. Hedges

Divergence Times of Eutherian Mammals

Science | 285:2031a (2 pp)

S.B. Hedges, S. Kumar


Genome Maps 10. Comparative Genomics. Mammalian Radiations. Wall Chart.

Science | 286:463–478

S.J. O'Brien, J.F. Eisenberg, M. Miyamoto, S.B. Hedges, S. Kumar, D.E. Wilson, M. Menotti-Raymond, W.J. Murphy, W.G. Nash, L.A. Lyons, J.C. Menninger, R. Stanyon, J. Wienberg, N.G. Copeland, N.A. Jenkins, J. Gellin, M. Yerle, L. Andersson, J. Womack, T. Broad, J. Postlethwait, et al.


A Molecular Timescale for Vertebrate Evolution

Nature | 392:917–920

S. Kumar, S.B. Hedges

The Optimization Principle in Phylogenetic Analysis Tends to Give Incorrect Topologies When the Number of Nucleotides or Amino Acids Used is Small

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) | 95:12390–12397

M. Nei, S. Kumar, K. Takahashi


Evolution and Functional Diversification of the Paired Box (Pax) DNA-binding Domains

Molecular Biology and Evolution | 14:829–842

K. Balczarek, Z. Lai, S. Kumar

Detection of Convergent and Parallel Evolution at the Amino Acid Sequence Level

Molecular Biology and Evolution | 14:527–536

J. Zhang, S. Kumar

Sequence Convergence in the Peptide-binding Region of Primate and Rodent MBC Class Ib Molecules

Molecular Biology and Evolution | 14:1035–1041

M. Yeager, S. Kumar, A. Hughes

Tempo and Mode of Nucleotide Substitutions in GAG and ENV Gene Fragments in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Populations with a Known Transmission History

Journal of Virology | 71:4761–4770

T. Leitner, S. Kumar, J. Albert

Small-sample Tests of Episodic Adaptive Evolution: A Case Study of Primate Lysozymes

Molecular Biology and Evolution | 14:1335–1338

J. Zhang, S. Kumar, M. Nei


Stepwise Algorithm for Finding Minimum Evolution Trees

Molecular Biology and Evolution | 13:584–593

S. Kumar

Patterns of Nucleotide Substitution in Mitochondrial Protein Coding Genes of Vertebrates

Genetics | 143:537–548

S. Kumar

Evolutionary Relationships of Eukaryotic Kingdoms

Journal of Molecular Evolution | 42:183–193

S. Kumar, A. Rzhetsky

Evolution of the Hedgehog Gene Family

Genetics | 142:965–972

S. Kumar, K. Balczarek, Z. Lai

Approximate Methods for Estimating the Pattern of Nucleotide Substitution and the Variation of Substitution Rates among Sites

Molecular Biology and Evolution | 13:650–659

Z. Yang, S. Kumar

Continental Breakup and the Ordinal Diversification of Birds and Mammals

Nature | 381:226–229

S.B. Hedges, P. Parker, C. Sibley, S. Kumar


A New Method of Inference of Ancestral Nucleotide and Amino Acid Sequences

Genetics | 141:1641–1650

Z. Yang, S. Kumar, M. Nei

Four-cluster Analysis: A Simple Method to Test Phylogenetic Hypotheses

Molecular Biology and Evolution | 12:163–167

A. Rzhetsky, S. Kumar, M. Nei

18S Ribosomal-RNA Data Indicate that Aschelminthes are Polyphyletic in Origin and Consist of at Least Three Distinct Clades

Molecular Biology and Evolution | 12:1132–1137

B. Winnepenninckx, T. Backeljau, L. Mackey, J. Brooks, R. De Watcher, S. Kumar, J. Garey


MEGA - Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Software for Microcomputers

Computer Applications in the Biosciences | 10:189–191

S. Kumar, K. Tamura, M. Nei


A Guide to Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Program for Microcomputers

Pennsylvania State University [University Park, PA, USA] | (135 pp)

S. Kumar, K. Tamura, M. Nei


Human Origins and Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA Sequences

Science | 255:737–739

S.B. Hedges, S. Kumar, K. Tamura, M. Stoneking